All posts by craig

Dental Health for Our Pets

dental careEach February is National Pet Dental Health Month, but dental health is a yearlong journey. Wellness for your cat or dog is  greatly enhanced if teeth are brushed regularly. Daily brushing is recommended but even weekly can be beneficial. Brushing the outer surfaces of the teeth are most important and can be done without opening the pet’s mouth. Use toothpaste made for pets, not ours. Our toothpaste is not meant to be swallowed. Toothpaste for pets is flavored to make the experience more pleasant. A small toothbrush, finger brush or even your finger with a gauze square can be utilized. Be patient at first getting the pet used to the procedure a bit at a time. Plan a few minutes of fun activity after brushing – a walk – a special toy that only pops out after brushing – a whole pet massage.

There are several commercial products available to maximize dental health. Pet foods aimed toward oral care and dental treats and chews are sold by veterinarians and consumer stores. Choose carefully – be sure to choose correctly based on the species, breed and health of your pet. Consult your veterinarian for advice. Always give treats and chews with supervision to be sure pet “chews” and refrains from swallowing whole. For lists of products recommended by the Veterinary Oral Health Council:

Any Dog Can Bite

dog bite 2Any dog can bite. Many of us don’t think that to be true, but it’s something we should always keep in the back of our minds. Even the most well-behaved, nicest of dogs has a mouth full of teeth it’s prepared to defend itself with if need be. There are many common (and not so common) sense measures that can be followed to avoid a dog bite. 

Statistically speaking, children tend to encounter more dog bites than most adults alongside senior citizens and postal workers (no surprise with the latter I’m sure). Teaching kids the proper way to approach or avoid a dog may save them from being part of that statistic. It’s never wise to startle a sleeping dog or bother one who is eating, caring for their young, or chewing on a toy or bone. Never put your face in a dog’s face. If a child (or an adult) stumbles upon an off-leash dog, avoid the instinct to run. Stand still and avoid eye contact. Never pet or approach an unfamiliar dog unless the owner gives permission. Even in those cases, be wary, as not all dog owners are savvy to the signs of a stressed, scared, or aggressive pooch.

Many people believe a pup is always happy if they’re wagging their tail. Though a lot of times that is the case, there are other “emotions” that can be displayed by a wagging tail. An aggressive dog will likely try to make themselves look larger. They often have a stiffened posture with their tail straight up and sometimes wagging. These dogs tend to stare directly at their assumed threat and you will likely see their fur puffed out in some places. More obvious signs would be growling, lunging, and baring those pearly whites. Quite the opposite are signs of a nervous or frightened dog. They typically try to appear smaller by crouching, putting their head down, and tucking their tail between their legs. Some will even roll on their back exposing their belly. An anxious dog will likely also avoid eye contact and try to get away. If unable to avoid their perceived threat, a scared dog can bite too. We often refer to these animals as “fear biters”. It’s not always cut and dry when it comes to a dog’s behavior. There are often contradictory actions that one could assume to mean one thing, but in turn, does not (like wagging tails and rolling on backs to expose bellies.) Dogs also can display more than one behavior at a time if they’re unsure.

Believe it or not, a majority of bite incidents are from a known dog. Even your own dog could be a biter in the right circumstance. It’s hard to think that way of your own sweet fur babies, but it is always a possibility. When you bring your dog to the veterinarian or groomer and are asked if it’s ok for your dog to be muzzled, please know that it is because the staff is trained to spot the little behaviors in dogs that you may not see or know and our goal is to keep you, your pet, and ourselves safe throughout their visit.

Doogie Body Language

Veterinarian Blog | Winding Hill Veterinary Clinic: Vaccine Reactions in Pets

Vaccine Reactionsby Allison Frankowski, CVT, Winding Hill

What is a vaccine reaction? Well, first we have to know what a vaccine is so that is were I am going to start. The definition of a vaccine is a substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease, its products, or a synthetic substitute, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease (Google Dictionary). So, the main goal of a vaccine is to provide immunity, which is a stimulation of the immune system. This process activates the inflammatory responses. Now we have reached the vaccine reaction potential.

Thus, vaccine reactions in pets can happen immediately or  anytime in the 48 hours following a vaccination. Here is a list of short-term expected mild reactions that can happen after vaccination:

*Joint and/or muscle soreness
* Lethargy
*Mild Fever
*Reduced Appetite/ Loss of Appetite
* Reluctance to walk/run
*Pain at the injection site

Vaccine reactions can be an allergic reaction to any part of the vaccine, including stabilizers, preservatives, and the actual infectious organism.

Some more life threatening or serious reactions include:

 *Difficulty breathing
*Facial Swelling
* Itchy / bumpy skin (Hives)
 *Sudden death

If any of these symptoms occur, please seek medical help IMMEDIATELY!

There are also injection site reactions, which are different than vaccine reactions. These include:

*Site of injection is still painful after 2 days
*Lump that continues to grow at injection site
*Lump that is still present after 1 month

So, how do we prevent vaccine reactions well?

*Be sure your veterinarian knows your pet had a reaction, what the reaction was, and what vaccine caused the reaction
*Avoid giving several vaccinations at once, but rather spread them over time
*Don’t vaccinate at a vaccination clinic if your dog has had a reaction before, because they are not equipped to individualize treatment which your pet needs
*In extreme cases, avoid the vaccination altogether, (if your veterinarian feels this is the proper course).

If your pet does have a reaction, there are ways your veterinarian can manage them by pre-medicating with antihistamines and/or corticosteroids to help your pet react normally to vaccines. (vaccines: allergic reactions)

Veterinarian Blog | Winding Hill Veterinary Clinic: Pet Food Nutrition Advice

by Dr. Patty Gabig

Pet-food-regulatory-1704PETlabel (002)The​ ​Pet​ ​food​ ​industry​ ​has​ ​grown​ ​so​ ​much​ ​in​ ​the​ ​past​ ​decade​ ​that​ ​deciding​ ​what​ ​type​ ​of​ ​food​ ​to​ ​feed​ ​your pet​ ​can​ ​be​ ​an​ ​ordeal​ ​and​ ​even​ ​worse​ ​when​ ​you​ ​have​ ​a​ ​pet​ ​with​ ​a​ ​dietary​ ​intolerance​ ​or​ ​disease,​ ​like kidney​ ​failure.​ ​​ ​It’s​ ​hard​ ​not​ ​to​ ​be​ ​persuaded​ ​by​ ​all​ ​the​ ​advice​ ​“out​ ​there”​ ​from:​ ​​ ​advertisers,​ ​breeders,​ ​the pet​ ​store​ ​check​ ​out​ ​clerk​ ​or​ ​on-line​ ​(Food​ ​Babe,​ ​The​ ​Dog​ ​Food​ ​Advisor)​ ​to​ ​name​ ​a​ ​few.​ ​​ ​Who​ ​to​ ​trust?​ ​The best​ ​way​ ​to​ ​make​ ​an​ ​informed​ ​decision​ ​is​ ​with​ ​your​ ​pet’s​ ​veterinarian.​ ​Your​ ​vet​ ​understands​ ​your​ ​pet and​ ​can​ ​help​ ​you​ ​find​ ​some​ ​good​ ​options​ ​or​ ​point​ ​you​ ​in​ ​the​ ​right​ ​direction.

Nutrition​ ​Tips/Advice
-If​ ​you​ ​pay​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​for​ ​a​ ​pet​ ​food​ ​it​ ​doesn’t​ ​guarantee​ ​that​ ​it’s​ ​a​ ​good​ ​diet.
-It’s​ ​not​ ​the​ ​ingredients​ ​but​ ​the​​ ​​nutrients ​that​ ​are​ ​most​ ​important​ ​in​ ​a​ ​good​ ​food.
-If​ ​the​ ​label​ ​does​ ​not​ ​list​ ​the​ ​calories,​ ​put​ ​it​ ​back.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​a​ ​red​ ​flag​ ​for​ ​possible​ ​quality​ ​control​ ​issues.
-If​ ​the​ ​product​ ​does​ ​NOT​ ​indicate​ ​that​ ​it​ ​meets​ ​AAFCO​ ​requirements,​ ​don’t​ ​buy​ ​it.
-Recipes​ ​for​ ​homemade​ ​or​ ​raw​ ​meat​ ​diets​ ​MUST​ ​meet​ ​AAFCO​ ​requirements
-Many​ ​on-line​ ​or​ ​in​ ​print​ ​​ ​for​ ​homemade​ ​recipes​ ​and​ ​raw​ ​meat​ ​diets​ ​do​ ​NOT​ ​meet​ ​AAFCO​ ​requirements
-Consult​ ​with​ ​a​ ​veterinary​ ​nutritionist​ ​if​ ​you​ ​are​ ​going​ ​to​ ​feed​ ​a​ ​homemade​ ​or​ ​raw​ ​meat​ ​diet.
-“Pre-Mix”​ ​diets​ ​where​ ​you​ ​just​ ​add​ ​the​ ​meat​ ​usually​ ​do​ ​not​ ​meet​ ​AAFCO​ ​requirements.
-The​ ​first​ ​ingredient​ ​on​ ​a​ ​pet​ ​food​ ​label​ ​does​ ​not​ ​always​ ​mean​ ​that​ ​that​ ​is​ ​the​ ​main​ ​ingredient​ ​your​ ​pet​ ​is getting​ ​when​ ​fed.
-Pet​ ​food​ ​labels​ ​can​ ​be​ ​misleading.​ ​In​ ​order​ ​to​ ​really​ ​tell​ ​what​ ​%​ ​protein,​ ​carbohydrate​ ​or​ ​fat​ ​is​ ​in​ ​a product​ ​you​ ​must​ ​calculate​ ​it.​ ​​ ​A​ ​good​ ​calculator​ ​can​ ​be​ ​found​ ​at:​ ​​ Click​ ​on​ ​the​ ​“​help”​ ​button and​ ​select​ ​“​guaranteed analysis converter”​ ​from​ ​the​ ​drop​ ​down​ ​menu.​ ​Enter​ ​the​ ​pet​ ​food​ ​product information​ ​in​ ​here. 
-Cats​ ​are​ ​​carnivores,​ ​blueberries​ ​may​ ​sound​ ​great​ ​but​ ​they​ ​gain​ ​no​ ​nutritional​ ​value​ ​from​ ​them.
-The​ ​term​ ​“human​ ​grade”​ ​can​ ​be​ ​misleading.​ ​If​ ​a​ ​pet​ ​food​ ​lists​ ​itself​ ​as​ ​human​ ​grade​ ​then​ ​ALL​ ​of​ ​the ingredients​ ​must​ ​be​ ​human​ ​grade.​ ​Not​ ​just​ ​one​ ​ingredient,​ ​like​ ​chicken,​ ​for​ ​example.

Reliable​ ​Internet​ ​Sources
-Pet​ ​Nutrition​ ​Alliance​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​
-Petfoodology-Tufts​ ​University VMC​ ​Clinical​ ​Nutrition​ ​Service
-Blog​ ​by​ ​Dr.​ ​Lisa​ ​Weeth​ ​DVM​ ​DACVN​ ​​ ​​
-AAFCO​ ​(Association​ ​of​ ​American​ ​Feed​ ​Control​ ​Officials​ ​information​ ​for​ ​Pet​ ​Owners)
-Q&A​ ​with​ ​Rebecca​ ​Remillard​ ​Phd,​ ​dvm,davcn-search​ ​various​ ​topics​ ​​ ​​ Select:​ ​“Ask​ ​the​ ​Nutritionist”​ ​from​ ​the​ ​menu​ ​bar